The database of the Automated Similarity Judgment Program (ASJP) aims to contain 40-item word lists of all the world's languages. A lexical distance can be obtained by comparing the word lists, which is useful, for instance, for classifying a language group and for inferring its age of divergence. Click the Help link for further instructions, and for more background visit Wikipedia.
Wichmann, Søren, Eric W. Holman, and Cecil H. Brown (eds.). 2016. The ASJP Database (version 17).